The IT industry never stands still. This rapid, ever-changing stream is full of technologies, tools, software frameworks and endless ideas. The list of the current technology trends can be infinite. In this article, we would like to focus on the top information technology trends that are likely to define the year 2019.
Information Technology Trends: Current State
Looking back at the forecasts concerning top technology trends of 2018, we realize that they turned out to be true and those predictions became part of our reality.
Cloud computing was predicted to expand its influence. A survey by IDG depicts that in 2018, the cloud has actually come of age:
- Seventy-three percent of enterprises have at least one application or a part of their computing infrastructure already in the cloud, and 17% of respondents plan to do the same within the next 12 months
- The average cloud budget is up from $1.62 million in 2016 to $2.2 million in 2018
- Forty-two percent of organizations are using multi-clouds
The number of industrial robots shipped in 2018 has increased by 30% as compared with 2017.
The worldwide wearables market is forecast to ship 122.6 million units in 2018, up 6.2% from the 115.4 million units shipped in 2017, according to the IDC.
Global IT spending is expected to reach $3.7 trillion in 2018, according to the latest forecast by Gartner.
Worldwide IT Spending Forecast (Billions of U.S. Dollars)
Top Trends in Information Technology for 2019
All modern technologies are developing hand-in-hand and inevitably affect one another. For instance, mobile internet depends on cloud computing and facilitates IoT development. Therefore, a breakthrough in one area stimulates innovations in the other.
Here is a list of the top information technology trends that will shape the digital world in the coming year.
Artificial Intelligence on the Rise
Over the past year, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) have been the headliners among emerging technologies. They have been discussed at all levels across industries, and you can hardly find a business or an industry that would not benefit from implementing ML algorithms and AI-based tools. Still, not every company was ready to shift their practices from traditional ways of working to intelligent machines.
The next year, AI and ML will be expanding their presence in various sectors. Since numerous organizations are already planning for their development strategy to take into account artificial intelligence, we are going to see new use cases, for example:
- In the food industry, algorithms will predict when certain commodities will run out of stock and will organize timely delivery. This will support a balance between supply and demand, reducing costs.
- In manufacturing and engineering, ML will monitor the state of spare parts and predict when they need repair or maintenance
- AI assistants will penetrate homes, offices and other areas. They will be integrated into transportation systems, healthcare, finance and education.
AI tools empower us to interpret data and predict the future, providing numerous benefits. At the same time, improvements in artificial intelligence will cause some serious issues:
- Labor market reshaping (some professions may disappear, while new ones will be created)
- Security and ethics (self-driving cars may cause injury and will not be responsible)
- Data privacy (nobody can fully guarantee that artificial algorithms will not use personal data for a bad purpose)
- Taxes (it’s unclear whether companies have to pay taxes for robots that replace human workers)
|Read also: Robotics-Based Workforce: Impact on Employment|
Among the main IT trends 2019, there is the long-awaited launch of 5G. The networks of the new generation have been already testing throughout 2018, and in the coming year, the first 5G-ready smartphones will be released.
The new standard promises to bring broadband download speeds over mobile networks and to provide 10x faster internet services than 4G.
However, the use of new generation network is much wider. 5G will provide impetus for the further development of the Internet of Things, self-driving cars, virtual and augmented reality, robotic surgery, drone delivery and more.
|Read also: IoT Protocols and Connectivity Options Overview|
Quantum Computing is Real
You may be surprised, but the performance of traditional computers is rather slow. Information technology trends 2019 say that the next generation of computers will be quantum computers. They are actively maturing now and are going to significantly surpass their ancestors.
Quantum computing is a completely new way of transmitting and processing data based on the phenomena of quantum mechanics. Traditional computers use binary code (a bit) to handle information. The bit has two basic states, zero and one, and can only be in one of them. As for the quantum computer, it uses qubits that are based on the principle of superposition. The qubit also has two basic states: zero and one. However, due to superposition, it can combine values and be in all these states at the same time.
Such parallelism of quantum computing helps find the solution directly, without the necessity to check all the possible variants of the system states. In addition, a quantum computing device doesn’t need huge computational capacity and large amounts of RAM. Imagine: it needs only 100 qubits to calculate a system of 100 particles, whereas a binary system requires trillions of trillions of bits.
Developers have already learned to build quantum computing applications and will strive for their further development and widespread adoption.
Blockchain technology should undoubtedly be included in the list of tech trends 2019, since it has been rapidly expanding for the last few months and still has huge potential.
Though most people associate blockchain with cryptocurrencies only, the technology can be successfully incorporated into many other crypto-unrelated fields. 2019 will be devoted to the creation of the blockchain industrial image and its separation from bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.
We will probably witness blockchain convergence with other technologies such as IoT, machine learning and fog computing. As a result, new practical use cases will be represented, and the demand for blockchain experts will increase.
|Read also: How to Build Your Own Bitcoin Wallet App|
Drones Are Flying Higher
All lists of the latest trends in information technology probably include discussions about drones. For a couple of years, the creation and usage of drones has grown into an entire industry — the so-called UAV (unmanned air vehicle) or UAS (unmanned air systems) industry. It is developing at an amazing rate. Autonomous aircrafts are widely used in farming, military surveillance, accident monitoring and other areas.
In the coming year, the drone industry will see increasing investment. More and more drone delivery systems will grow into commercial projects worldwide.
Actually, NASA is going to complete the Unmanned Aerial System Traffic Management (UTM) to manage drone traffic in the skies.
The latest information technology trends we have discussed in the article show that the coming year will bring new breakthroughs and big changes in IT.
SaM Solutions is an IT outsourcing and consulting company with twenty-five years of experience. We turn our gaze towards the technological future and are ready to assist you in implementing your digital marketing or development strategies.