Which technology is better to choose for development: .NET or Java? In this article, we will consider their concepts, major pros and cons, and will find out which of their aspects are different. Continue reading to find out more.
When comparing these two technologies, it’s important not to overlook the fact that they are not entirely in the same category, with Java a programming language and .NET a framework. Nevertheless, they repeatedly undergo comparison. When considering which one is the right technology for your project, you have to pay attention to a number of characteristics and technical features, as follows.
What Is .NET?
It is a platform-agnostic framework that is implemented by developers to create and run Windows apps. It comprises development instruments, languages, libraries for the development of desktop and web applications. Companies use it for projects of different scales and domains. Most often it is implemented for the development of websites and web services, and in the gaming industry.
What Is Java?
Java is a popular multiplatform programming language that is often preferred by software developers due to its simplicity, security and active community support. It is mostly used for mobile, desktop and web development, analytics, web and application servers, in such innovative spheres as the Internet of Things and artificial intelligence.
Differences Between Java vs .NET
.NET vs JAVA: Speed of Coding
When software engineers choose Java programming language, they use a variety of threads, which simplifies the management and procession of instruction in the sequence. Nevertheless, when it comes to the speed factor, .NET framework is the indisputable leader in the field.
Due to its object orientation, it offers a number of components that can be reused, so when you compare the time it would take to develop identical apps in both languages, it will be less time-consuming.
.NET vs Java: Performance
Which language is more performant? It possesses numerous instruments for scaling capacity, but it does not perform as fast as .NET framework. It happens due to .NET’s usage of more memory-efficient software development languages such as C#. In addition, it allows effective code optimization, while the code is more compact, which makes it highly productive.
It is also far easier to maintain and debug. Regarding performance, .NET framework wins over its competitor for sure. It should be noted though that, due to JIT compiler optimizations, it can be even faster than .NET framework.
.NET vs Java: Scalability
When it comes to development of complicated large-scale apps, both technologies will be equally effective. Given this, both .NET framework and Java are often implemented to create enterprise-level apps. The choice of technology in this case is usually influenced by personal preferences and peculiarities of the project.
.NET vs Java: Cross-platform
Cross-platform or platform-agnostic characteristic implies that the software can be used by various computer systems such as macOS, Windows, Linux, Solaris. .NET framework has lacked this feature in the past, but both Java and .NET now have it and can function on any operating system.
.NET vs Java: Integrated Development Environment
Integrated development environment (IDE) streamlines the work of software engineers and assists in writing code, carrying out tests, creating documents and eliminating bugs. Java is versatile and can work with several IDEs.
The most popular are the following: Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, Oracle NetBeans, and Oracle JDeveloper. They are built-in add-ons. In the case of .NET framework, software engineers implement Visual Studio with features that are specific to the language used, and VS Code.
.NET vs Java: Popularity
Let’s compare how popular the two technologies are. Software engineers tend to choose Java more often. The explanation is simple: currently, Java specialists are in greater demand than .NET ones.
When you research the job market on websites such as Indeed, you will notice that Java specialists are in much higher demand than .NET specialists. The demand for Java has however been reduced over the last years, because of the increased popularity of C#.
.NET vs Java: Community
Java is an ‘older’ technology that emerged in the 1990s. By today, it attracts a large community of users who are actively involved in sharing their experience with novice developers. .NET framework was invented in the 2000s, actively influenced by Java itself, and has a smaller community.
.NET vs Java: Talent Pool
At the moment, Java has more adherents than .NET framework. Globally, there are currently around 10 million Java developers and 2 million .NET developers. At SaM Solutions, the Java community is also much bigger.
.NET vs Java: Ease of Learning
Both technologies have a comparatively steep learning curve. Nonetheless, Java offers more documentation and educational material to study. This can be viewed as an outcome of the larger user community and longer presence on the market.
.NET framework hasn’t achieved the same level of recognition yet, but at the same time with its documentation and educational material from Microsoft, it continues to attract new supporters.
.NET vs Java: Security
Both .NET and Java have a high level of protection. Initially, Java had troubles with some of its security features, but these have been resolved by now. At the moment, it provides extra security measures, making it difficult to make mistakes that can lead to drastic consequences. .NET in the past had more protective characteristics than today, as its source code was not open to the public.
.NET vs Java: Cost of Development
The estimated annual salary of a Java software engineer with 4-6 years of experience is $112,440 per year in the United States. For a .NET developer with the same experience, this figure is $114,503 per year. However, these numbers can vary significantly depending on location, other technical skills, years of experience and employee’s tenure at the company.
Main Pros and Cons of Each Technology
|Java Pros||Java Cons||.NET Pros||.NET Cons|
As you can see after reading this article, both technologies have specific technical characteristics. Each has distinct peculiarities, strengths and challenges. Java is more suitable for projects that require more flexibility, and .NET will help you to thrive in the cases, when you deal with complex infrastructures.
Java is optimal for mobile applications, multi-user utility programs, embedded development and IoT-based systems. Companies choose .NET when they need to create server (web) multi-user applications, complex software solutions with alluring GUIs and computer games.