10 Best Java Frameworks in 2024

Frameworks shape application architecture, streamline processes through automation, and simplify software development. With dozens of frameworks available, selecting the right one is crucial for building a robust application. Delve deeper to explore the nuances of the best Java frameworks and uncover their unique features.

What Are Java Frameworks?

Java frameworks are foundational structures that provide developers with pre-built modules, components, and libraries to streamline application development. These frameworks offer a structured approach, enhancing productivity, code reusability, and scalability. Java frameworks empower developers to focus on business logic rather than low-level implementation details, thereby fostering more efficient and robust software development practices.

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10 Best Java Frameworks

1. Spring

Spring is a versatile Java framework, renowned as one of the top 10 Java frameworks for simplifying enterprise-level application development. As a loosely coupled, open-source framework, Spring offers inversion of control for Java, making it lightweight and adaptable. 

Its features support robust web applications and Java Enterprise Edition (JEE) development. With Spring, developers harness the power of plain old Java objects to create high-performing, scalable applications, solidifying its status as a leading Java web development framework.

2. Hibernate

Hibernate is one of the best frameworks for Java that can contact multiple other databases. It is easily scalable, configurable, and modifiable. It is highly productive and portable with high-functioning instruments and tools that provide a smooth user experience. As a robust object-relational mapping framework, it enables stable communication of Java and RDBMS.

It is an open-source Java framework with speedy performance because of its internal use of cache. Software engineers no longer have to create database-specific queries, as Hibernate allows the generation of database-independent queries. 

3. Google Web Toolkit (GWT)

Introduced by Google as a tool for the creation of powerful applications, this Java framework is able to convert Java code to JS code. If you have existing codebases, you can carry out their integration with GWT thanks to its compatibility with a number of instruments. The well-supplied libraries of this framework are full of various widgets that are able to carry out multiple tasks.

GWT is popular among a large community of users, as it allows them to create and optimize the web application even without deep expertise in frontend technologies. The most significant benefits of this framework are its free, open-source nature, user-friendliness, and the vast field of possibilities in the sphere of UI. What’s more, this tool is compatible with various browsers, abstracts, internationalizes, bookmarks.

4. Dropwizard

Dropwizard is a lightweight instrument that can play the roles of both a Java framework and a library. It is preferred by coders due to its reliability, productivity, high operability, and speed. It combines a number of Java libraries and helps programmers focus on their tasks without distractions and therefore accomplish their objectives at a quicker pace. With built-in tools to facilitate good configurations and performance of the system, this framework is aimed at providing the stability needed to get an application ready for production.

Thanks to these robust features, it’s easy to create a ready-for-service application quickly and efficiently. Many developers agree that this framework can be especially beneficial for the building of Java microservices. It is considered to be a user-friendly tool, as it is not difficult to master if you have proficiency in Java coding and are familiar with the logic of this language.

5. Grails

Grails is one of the top Java frameworks, that is used for building Agile applications. It is especially widespread in the sphere of e-commerce shops and acts as an exclusive development environment. Software engineers choose this framework because it lets them focus on the job without having to devote lots of time to setting up configurations of the framework. 

Grails allows programmers to use more compact and concise code with the aid of the Groovy language. Its syntactical capabilities and high congruence with Java facilitate improvements in developer performance. Moreover, coders can create their own plugins for the sake of extension and enhancement of the Grails framework, which is especially advantageous when they need additional functionality. It also gives them access to a variety of available plugins that are offered by the active community. 

6. Play

The Play framework is known for its stability, security, reliability, and scalability, making it a preferred choice for start-ups, medium-sized businesses, and large enterprises alike. Thanks to its rich Java environment, you can use numerous libraries and implement the majority of them in Play. It offers robust features that allow engineers to build a compact application for PCs, laptops, and mobile devices.

Play offers such robust technical features as high performance, flexibility, resilience, and agility. Being one of the most effective frameworks on the market, it provides the technical functionalities that let engineers carry out workflow refreshment when needed and implement immediate changes off the cuff. Special built-in instruments allow users to conduct tests to ensure the high quality of the program.

7. Vaadin

Vaadin acts as an open-source framework for Java that incorporates web elements and robust application instruments. Software engineers can customize its major elements to achieve the best possible functionality of the system. The Vaadin Flow helps establish contact between clients and servers and provide routing functions.

With this method, software engineers can focus better on visual characteristics for the ultimate user experience of the application. This framework offers other worthwhile UX features and high-quality protection to make your work more secure. More than forty special user interface elements help create apps in a quicker and more reliable way.

8. Blade

Blade is a self-reliant Java framework that is famous for its elegance, intuitiveness, productivity and rapid development capabilities. Its design goal is to provide a high-performance framework that is straightforward enough to master within a day. Blade requires minimal resources for operation and includes built-in security features focused on data privacy.

Due to its high flexibility, it can work with a variety of plug-in extensions and resources. The main advantage of Blade is its user-friendliness, mainly as a result of its simple syntactic structure, which makes it easy to pick up quickly by people with different technical backgrounds. Other significant characteristics include clear and concise coding and modularity, allowing users to choose components based on their specific requirements.

9. Apache Struts

Apache Struts stands as a renowned open-source web application framework designed for crafting enterprise-level Java-based web applications. Rooted in the principles of the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture, it facilitates a clear segregation of logic and user interface components. Struts expedites the development of complex or large-scale web applications through its extensive tag libraries, streamlining the creation of form-based applications with server pages. 

This framework boasts robust error-handling mechanisms, easing the debugging process. Noteworthy is Struts’ support for internationalization, enabling seamless adaptation to diverse programming languages and regions without necessitating engineering alterations. Its integration capabilities with other Java frameworks such as Hibernate and Spring further enhance its functionality and versatility. However, Struts may present a steep learning curve for beginners due to its reliance on XML configuration files, and it might be deemed excessive for smaller, straightforward applications.

10. JSF (Java Server Faces)

JSF is another Java framework mainly focused on the building of web apps. It plays an important role in simplifying the development process by providing a component-focused method to create Java web UIs. With plenty of UI components that can be reused later in a server application, it has become appealing to a wide audience of Java software engineers. This solution combines several technologies so that coders could develop UI with no in-depth expertise in any technology.

Other advantages of JSF include drag-and-drop graphical features, abundant libraries, simple frontend instruments, improved compatibility and efficiency, and an enriched user experience. This framework is primarily based on components and has architectural characteristics that help define differences between logical and representative features of the application. 

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Choosing the right framework is crucial in the development of web, desktop and mobile apps. It will influence the work of a software developer immensely, as it dictates the structures of a Java application and, as a result, forms the essence of software programming. To select the best framework for Java, one should conduct a comparative analysis based on the characteristics of the top Java frameworks. For a successful career as a software developer, it is great to know several frameworks.

Which framework is better for Java?

To choose the framework that is best for you, consider such criteria as technical features, community support, licensing, security and documentation.

What are some other important Java frameworks?

Other important Java frameworks include Vert.X, Micronaut, Quarkus, JHipster, MicroProfile, Hilla, MyBatis, Wicket, and more.

What is the importance of Java frameworks?

Java frameworks simplify code by providing preset codes and libraries, reducing the need for developers to write everything from scratch. Additionally, they offer diverse options and features, ensuring efficient development with built-in standards and rules. Furthermore, these frameworks provide security, reliability, and extensive support, enhancing efficiency and scalability in Java web development.

Leave a comment
  • I suppose one doesn’t need to know a great number of frameworks to be a successful software engineer. Nevertheless, I admit that for better career opportunities, it is best to have knowledge of several.

  • My dream is to study as many frameworks as possible! It is never enough for me. And, as I have experienced in the last couple of years, new projects often require the knowledge of new technologies as well.

  • Personally I like four options more than the others: MyBatis, Blade, Apache Spark and Grails. I can’t imagine working without them. Between the four of them, I have all the options I need for any project I work on.

  • I didn’t really have an idea of what framework was best for my future career as a software programmer. After reading the article, I have a clearer view of what opportunities I have.

  • Such a wide choice! I had researched a few of the frameworks before I encountered your article. I appreciate the description of the most popular ones a lot, very helpful.

  • As far as I’m concerned, Spring will be the best option forever. I work mostly with enterprises, so for my projects, it is the best option. Both Spring Boot and Spring Cloud are great.

  • Thanks! Now I know about more available frameworks that I can choose from while working with Java. Previously, I had experience with only a few from your list.

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