A trend is a regular change in processes, conditions, data, projects, etc. To follow a trend, you must be aware of the current situation and be able to predict the changes in the near future.
The beginning of the year is traditionally the time to forecast trends in all spheres. The area of information technologies is transforming extremely fast. We don’t even have time to get used to new gadgets as they become outdated and are replaced by newer ones. It’s important, especially for IT vendors, to monitor top trends in information technologies, in order to take advantages of digital opportunities.
In our article, we’ve compiled the main IT trends in 2018.
Trend 1: Moving to the Cloud
About 50% of enterprises worldwide have already adopted cloud technology. Their presence in the cloud differs depending on their needs, goals and expectations. Some companies completely abandoned the on-premises practice and migrated to the cloud. Other companies moved a certain portion of their data and infrastructure to the remote server, still preserving some individual hardware.
Cloud computing has become the new normal for many organizations, but it is still not ubiquitous. In 2018, cloud platforms, services and application s will expand their influence, continuing to change and improve.
Hybrid and Private Clouds on the Rise
Until recently, the public cloud used to be the most common type of platform due to the best combination of cost and flexibility. Private clouds, at the same time, were considered an expensive option and were not so popular.
In the year ahead, the situation is going to change. Private clouds will gain more popularity as they ensure security and control. For many companies, it’s now a more valid reason than the price. The hybrid cloud market will grow as well. Since hybrid solutions combine elements of the private and public models, they require no compromise from customers and can comply with any requests.
The leading public cloud vendors have already released their public and private versions:
- Azure Stack by Microsoft
- VMware by Amazon Web Services
- Google and Cisco Hybrid cloud
- IBM Cloud Private
As such, more companies will prefer these offerings in 2018.
The multi-cloud strategic approach is predicted to become mainstream in the near future. This means that organizations will choose several providers and combine their platforms and environments into one coherent system. This happens because one provider can hardly satisfy all customer expectations regarding price, capabilities and the quality of services.
As a result, a company will need a mix of cloud types. Therefore, developers will have to create some innovation s to make such a system possible:
- In networking — to move data between clouds
- In storage — to keep data in the right place
- In computing — to choose the right processing
- In orchestration — to create links between clouds
It will be possible to incorporate artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) to this new environment for the sake of automation.
From Adoption to Optimization
Customers that have come through the process of adoption now think about optimization of their environments. The top issues to be optimized are cloud costs and management.
|Read also: 12 Key Technologies for Digital Transformation|
Trend 2: Humans and Machines Become Colleagues
We are entering a new era of human-machine partnership. Machines are not considered as just tools anymore. They have become independent workers and full-fledged partners for people performing both mental and physical tasks.
Software intelligence is implemented into machines to achieve greater efficiency in production and to create a customer-first approach. This process is called intelligent automation, and it is definitely among the tech trends for 2018. This will help companies add value and understand customer behavior like never before.
Robots will work as independent units in spheres such as:
- Heavy and light industry
- Military services
- Safety and security
The list is not finite. More and more spheres will try to implement smart machines to achieve better results.
Trend 3: Everything Is Getting Smarter
Nowadays, any object can become smart with the help of embedded software. There already exist ecosystems created with the usage of AI. The tendency is going to progress.
Smart home device market will grow at a high rate. Not only devices but ordinary things ( clocks, doorbells, surveillance cameras, lights, window blinds, appliances, etc.) can connect to the Internet, exchange information and react to your commands, enabling you to control your home even if you are away.
Digital transformation penetrates the automobile industry. The most ambitious projects of automobile producers are to create fully autonomous cars. Test-drives have already been conducted on public roads by Audi, BMW, Waymo and some other companies. General Motors plans to release autonomous cars without steering wheels and pedals. So, the topic is really hot, but it needs much time and efforts.
There are also more practical tech advances that make cars smarter: internal and external cameras, sensors, GPS, control systems, mobile app integration, etc. They can greatly improve the driving experience, reduce operation costs and increase safety.
City authorities around the world begin integrating information technologies into municipal infrastructure. Watching cameras help control traffic in the streets, monitor accidents and seek criminals. LED streetlights use less energy and save money. Smart traffic lights and smart parking reduce the number of accidents and save drivers time. Hundreds of sensors collect useful information, analyze it and help solve various public problems.
Smart cities are the future. They will use technology advances to boost the economy, optimize resources and time, and make cities safe and convenient places to live in.
Trend 4: Unreal Reality
The horizons of our world have become practically unlimited with the invention of virtual and augmented reality.
It has been a key trend on the list of information technology trends for the last decade. This year it seems to be not so hot since there’s little to be excited about. Nevertheless, it remains an important player in the spheres of games, cinema, museums, education, manufacturing, therapy and medicine, etc. You can jump into VR with the most popular VR headsets, HTC Vive and Oculus Rift.
AR, on the contrary, is gaining traction. The experts predict its boost this year. The scope of AR is wider than that of VR, and includes the retail industry, interior design, advertising and promotion. Augmented reality apps are easy-to-use and can be made available on mobile devices. This is a great advantage for attracting clients. The worldwide most popular AR app is the game Pokemon Go.
Trend 5: Robots on Guard of Our Health
Artificial intelligence and robotics are changing the healthcare system. More medical operations, manipulations, tests and monitoring will be carried out with the help of robots and smart devices.
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Trend 6: Cybersecurity Comes to the Forefront
The cybersecurity industry is preparing for significant disruption in 2018. This is a reaction to the increasing number of sophisticated cyber attacks. Any business requires safety assurance for its data and its customers.
New methods and levels of security are expected to be invented and implemented. Experts have noticed that the most promising cybersecurity enablers will be deception technologies and automated threat-seekers.
Trend 7: Drones Keep an Eye on Everything
In 2017, the drone industry saw unprecedented growth. The number of drones has increased together with their applications.
In 2018, the commercial drone market will continue to grow. Producers will strive to make flying cameras smaller and more powerful.
Among the main challenges are the restrictions that are expected to become tighter, and privacy concerns that will require elaborate discussions.
A vivid example of drone usage is Amazon Prime Air — a flying delivery service to get goods to customers by drones. Amazon will expand the service, as it has great potential and is able to improve the efficiency of transportation.
Trend 8: Connected Devices Connecting People
Thanks to the Internet of Things, connected devices are now everywhere connecting people to everything. The growth of the number of connected devices isn’t slowing down. In 2018, we’ll see a steady growth period for the IoT. According to Gartner, more than 11 billion connected units will be employed this year.
The experts predict that the IoT will become more fragmented and, consequently, more complicated. This will lead to greater security concerns.
We’ve listed the most pressing information technology trends in 2018. Certainly, there are much more interesting and hot technologies that will be developing in the near future: 5G networking, the blockchain, wireless charging, 3D printing, etc.
SaM Solutions stays on top of trends and offers its customers a range of IT services:
Want to build a strong partnership? Contact us to get more information.